Types of Family Planning Methods
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Types of Family Planning Methods

A successful Family Planning involves different methods. Here are some of the safest and most recommended Family Planning Methods to use.

Family Planning is an organized plan to prevent unwanted pregnancy and infertility. It also refers to the management and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases as well as pre-conception.

Thus with a proper knowledge of what Family Planning is all about, infant and maternal deaths (due to abortion, etc.) will most likely be reduced.

Family Planning can be categorized into two: Natural and Artificial.

Thus, here are the different types of family planning methods that a couple can safely use.

Male Condoms

Condoms prevent the passage of sperm cells into the vagina. It also serves as a protection against sexually transmitted diseases such as Neisseria gonorrhea and Clamydia trachomatis. And though some claims that condoms can decrease sexual sensation, condom is highly effective especially to men who are experiencing premature ejaculations.


Pills contain hormones (Estrogen and Progesterone) that need to be taken daily in order to avoid pregnancy. Pills are convenient and easy to use and helps reduce the risk of ovarian and endometrial cancers. It is completely reversible and clinically proven safe. However, pills do not offer protection to sexually transmitted diseases and may cause some side effects.

Female Sterilization (Ligation)

Safe and simple, Ligation is a surgical procedure which blocks or cuts the two fallopian tubes. It is a permanent method of contraception and is advisable to couples who no longer want to have children. It is a single procedure with lifetime effects and does not need any repeated clinic visits. And just like pills, Ligation does not offer protection against sexually transmitted diseases.

Male Sterilization (Vasectomy)

Conducted in males, Male Sterilization involves a surgical procedure which cuts or ties the vas deferens. It is very effective, permanent, and safe. It does not affect the male hormonal function and can even offer increased enjoyment during intercourse. The process is irreversible and swelling can be felt 2 to 3 days after procedure.

Standard Days Method

A type of natural family planning method, users of SDM with cycles between 26 and 32 days practice abstinence at days 8 to 19. Color coded cycle beads are used by the couple to mark the fertile and infertile days. However, the device could not be applied to women who have irregular cycle patterns.

Other types of Family Planning Methods are as follows:

Basal Body Temperature

Lactational Amenorrhea Method

Two Day Method


Sympto-thermal method

A successful family planning method generally requires proper information dissemination from responsible health care practitioners. Misconceptions about Family Planning should also be properly addressed.



Cuevas, RN, MAN, et.al. Public Health Nursing in the Philippines.10th Edition. Pp. 126 - 133

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Comments (6)
mudassir bamalli

i need more light about versectomy


Am a study embacking on a project. Pls i will appreciate it much if can learn more on child spacing among women of child bearing age and life expectancy.

bakari ibrahim abba

i am 30 years and my wife is 20 years, she is too young to be impregnated, so i am seeking advice to maintain before 5 years to come

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I want a better ways of family planning that has no side effect in the future